Shawnee Tribe Guide

Facts about the Piqua Shawnee Tribe


The Shawnee tribe has five divisions- one of them being the Piqua Shawnee tribe. After eviction from their homeland, the Shawnee people settled in Ohio, Alabama, Kentucky and Pennsylvania. The Piqua Shawnee people were recognized by the Alabama Indian Affairs Commission on July 10th 2001, and they have approximately 300 official members in Alabama, Kentucky, and Ohio.


The migration of the Shawnee people from Central Ohio was brought about by many factors such as the Iroquois wars in 1670. During this time, their settlements were near the cities and towns of Alabama, and some of the ancestors ended up settling in Alabama permanently. After the war Iroquois wars ended, they later encountered with the French whom they fought in the Indian war. In 1768, the war intensified as the Shawnees could not agree with the Treat of Fort Stanwix which was meant to separate the British colonies and the Indian Territory. However, the Iroquois negotiated the Treaty which gave the British powers over Kentucky and West Virginia.  As a result, the Shawnees stuck to their culture and gave up the ways of the whites. The Shawnee tribe continued to migrate to avoid conflicts with the American government.


Currently, the descendants of the Piqua Shawnee Tribe have different family backgrounds. Most of the Shawnee people hid from the government in the mountains and rural areas instead of waiting for the government to move them to reservations.


Today, the Piqua Shawnee Tribe are scattered all over North America and Alabama. The Shawnees hold four gatherings annually in different locations so that all members can easily access the meeting.


The tribal council had two chiefs- the peace chief and the war chief who governed the Piqua Shawnee tribe. Further to that, they had a Council of Elders who advised them on various matters. Also, all tribal issues and conflicts forwarded to the council of elders were first discussed, debated and a consensus is agreed upon without exception. 


The Shawnee tribe spoke the Shawnee language which is one of the Algonquian languages which belongs to North America Indian language family. Today, a majority of the Piqua Shawnee people speak English. To know more about Shawnee tribes, visit this website at


What's more, the Piqua Shawnee people are Christians in Native American Church. Originally, they had deep religious and cultural beliefs which were performed by the chiefs in their village council hall. Some of these ceremonies included the ritual purification of the warriors, corn festival, spring bread dance and autumn bread dance.