Shawnee Tribe Guide

Overview of the Shawnee Piqua Tribe

In the past, the Piqua Shawnee tribe moved a lot, often trying to avoid conflicts with colonists or other hostile Indian communities. The tribe originally came from the region that is now Tennessee and Ohio. However, evidence shows that the tribe could have originally been found in as far as New York. Most of the Piqua Shawnee people settled in what is now Oklahoma.


Before the wars with the colonist, it is estimated that the Piqua Shawnee tribe had a population of about 10,000.  After many conflicts, and especially the War of 1812, the population of the tribe drastically reduced to just about 3,500 people. Apart from conflicts, other factors that led to the drastic dwindling of the Shawnee tribe numbers included diseases like scarlet fever and flu that were brought by European settlers.


From the last census, there were about 15,000 Piqua Shawnees in the United States.


Shawnee Living


The Piqua Shawnee tribe moved a lot. For this reason, their shelters were mainly semi-permanent. The tribes lived in round wigwams or wetus that look like igloos. However, the wetus were not made of ice but tree samplings, tree barks, thick brush grass, cattails and other natural materials. The tree samplings helped to form the framework of the houses.


The Shawnee Indians did not have any elaborate style of clothing. Most of their clothing was determined by the geographic region here they settled.  Unlike the stereotypical feathered headdress, the Shawnee people wore long clothes. The men wore breechcloths while the women wore long skirts. The tribe also kept their hair long, except during battle. Moccasins and face paint were also a part of their dressing culture. Discover more facts about Shawnee tribes at


When it comes to food, the areas where the Shawnee settled determined their foods. For example, when in the woodlands, the tribe mainly relied on buffalo meat. Other animals that were hunted included deer, bear, raccoons, squirrels, and eagles and fish.


The tribes also kept crops such as maize (corn), beans, pumpkins, squash and various root crops to supplement their food. The male members of the tribe did the fishing and hunting while the women were in charge of farming.


Unlike some native Indian tribes, the Shawnees did not have a warrior-like existence. However, they protected their lives, way of life and land. The tribes were also proud of their culture and passed tradition through ritual celebrations and oral storytelling.


The above is an overview of the Piqua Shawnee tribe.